How to Account for Property in Another State

In today’s mobile world, many people own property that lies in other states. They might own a trip home or may keep certain personal effects in another state than the state where they presently reside. This property needs to be carefully accounted for in a person’s estate plan.


A crucial aspect of the law is jurisdiction. This term refers to whether a court has authority over a specific case. In cases involving property, normally the court that has jurisdiction is the one in the county where the property lies. If an individual passes away residing in one state, that mention’s court can make orders relating to the property in the borders of that state. However, it typically can not make orders associating with property situated in another state.

Probate Process

When somebody dies, the probate procedure is usually triggered. This is the procedure that deals with an individual’s final expenses and gets rid of his or her remaining property. Probate is based on state law. This procedure is commenced in the state of the deceased individual’s residence. Typically, the court can make orders directing the disposition of personal effects even if it is located in another estate.

Ancillary Probate

The administrator of the estate might be required to open a secondary probate case in the other jurisdiction and in each jurisdiction where real estate is located. Since different states have different guidelines concerning inheritance or estate tax, the estate in the other state may be subject to these taxes. Numerous states try to make ancillary probate procedures simplified and may simply supplement procedures in the home state. In addition, supplementary probate tends to just deal with restricted property, so it may be much faster and basic than the primary probate process.

Simplified Process

In some states, if the value of the property is below a specific quantity, the administrator may have the ability to use a simplified procedure. This kind of process may include submitting the testator’s will to the court and after that signing an affidavit to take belongings of the property. However, some states do not allow the streamlined process when genuine property is included. A legal representative licensed in the jurisdiction may be able to explain whether this streamlined process is permitted and what it requires.

Submitting Process

To start an ancillary probate case, the executor should submit a petition with the probate court in the county where the decedent’s real estate is located. This petition might be comparable to the one that the executor utilized to open the primary probate case. The petition needs to mention the fundamental information about the case, including providing info about the testator’s identity, the fact that he or she died, that an existing probate case is continuous, the case number related to the other case or cases and the property located within the state. The testator’s will ought to be connected to the petition.

Additional Steps

After the petition is submitted, there are other legal requirements. The administrator might require to sign letters of authorization and have them signed by the notary. The administrator might require to appear in court to get approval to be the executor in that state as well or to attend a hearing. Other states enable written requests to streamline the secondary process.

Alternatives to Probate

There may be alternatives to having supplementary probate that the testator might want to think about prior to passing away. One choice is to use a transfer on death deed. This deed is recorded in the county clerk’s office where the real property lies. Upon the testator’s death, the property is moved to the person called as the beneficiary. Nevertheless, the beneficiary has no ownership interest till the testator’s death. Owning property as joint tenants can also assist prevent a secondary probate procedure. Moving the property to a trust can also have the very same effect.

Legal Assistance

The probate process can be a confusing one. A separate lawyer may be necessary in each jurisdiction where property is situated. The legal representative for the main probate procedure might make suggestions concerning which attorney to work with in another jurisdiction. Lots of lawyers are disallowed in multiple states. If this holds true, the main lawyer might have the ability to handle numerous probate proceedings. Even if an individual believes that he or she can finish the probate process in his or her home state, probate law and treatment vary in different states so she or he may wish to hire an attorney for the ancillary probate case. An attorney can explain the procedure involved and assist ensure that the testator’s dreams are performed.